Chapter 9A. General
Section 9A.01 Requirements
for Bicyclist Traffic Control Devices
General information and definitions concerning traffic control devices
are found in Part 1.
Section 9A.02 Scope
Part 9 covers signs, pavement markings, and highway traffic signals
specifically related to bicycle operation on both roadways and shared-use
Parts 1, 2, 3, and 4 should be reviewed for general provisions,
signs, pavement markings, and signals.
None of the bikeway designations in this Manual shall be construed
to preclude permitted bicycle travel on roadways or portions of
roadways that do not have bikeway designations.
Section 9A.03 Definitions
Relating to Bicycles
The following terms shall be defined as follows when used in Part
- Bicycle Facilities—a general term denoting improvements
and provisions that accommodate or encourage bicycling, including
parking and storage facilities, and shared roadways not specifically
defined for bicycle use.
- Bicycle Lane—a portion of a roadway that has been designated
by signs and pavement markings for preferential or exclusive
use by bicyclists.
- Bikeway—a generic term for any road, street, path, or
way that in some manner is specifically designated for bicycle
travel, regardless of whether such facilities are designated
for the exclusive use of bicycles or are to be shared with other
- Designated Bicycle Route—a system of bikeways designated
by the jurisdiction having authority with appropriate directional
and informational route signs, with or without specific bicycle
route numbers. Bicycle routes, which might be a combination
of various types of bikeways, should establish a continuous
- Shared-Use Path—a bikeway outside the traveled way and
physically separated from motorized vehicular traffic by an
open space or barrier and either within the highway right-of-way
or within an independent alignment. Shared-use paths are also
used by pedestrians (including, skaters, users of manual and
motorized wheelchairs, and joggers) and other authorized motorized
and nonmotorized users.
Section 9A.04 Maintenance
All signs, signals, and markings, including those on bicycle facilities,
should be properly maintained to command respect from both the motorist
and the bicyclist. When installing signs and markings on bicycle
facilities, an agency should be designated to maintain these devices.
Section 9A.05 Relation
to Other Documents
"The Uniform Vehicle Code and Model Traffic Ordinance"
published by the National Committee on Uniform Traffic Laws and
Ordinances (see Section
1A.11) has provisions for bicycles and is the basis for the
traffic control devices included herein.
Informational documents used during the development
of the signing and marking recommendations in Part 9 include the
- "Guide for Development of Bicycle Facilities,"
which is available from the American Association of State Highway
and Transportation Officials (see Addresses);
- State and local government design guides; and
- "Selecting Roadway Design Treatments to
Accommodate Bicycles," FHWA Publication No. FHWA-RD-92-073,
which is available from the FHWA Research and Technology Report
Center, 9701 Philadelphia Court, Unit Q, Lanham, MD 20106.
Other publications that relate to the application
of traffic control devices in general are listed in Section 1A.11.
Section 9A.06 Placement
Section 1A.08 contains
information regarding placement authority for traffic control devices.
Section 9A.07 Meaning
of Standard, Guidance, Option, and Support
The introduction to this Manual contains information regarding the
meaning of the headings Standard, Guidance, Option, and Support,
and the use of the words shall, should, and may.
Section 9A.08 Colors
Section 1A.12 contains
information regarding the color codes.
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